The main causative agent of the lobar form of pneumonia is pneumococcus and its variants. But this disease can develop under the influence of other microorganisms:
- hemophilic bacillus;
If the causative agent of the inflammatory process cannot be established, the patient is diagnosed with unspecified lobar pneumonia.
The source of infection can dwell in a person’s nasopharynx for a long time and show activity only under the influence of certain factors.
Pathogenic viruses and bacteria can get into the patient's lungs in several ways:
- through the bronchi;
- through the blood;
- through lymph.
There are certain diseases that increase the risk of developing lobar pneumonia. These include:
- diabetes mellitus and other autoimmune diseases;
- pulmonary pathologies, including tuberculosis;
- flu and other acute viral infections of the respiratory type;
- oncological processes in the respiratory system.
But even with one or more of these pathological conditions, lobar pneumonia does not always develop. Pathogens begin to multiply actively only with significant immunodeficiency caused by the following factors:
- prolonged hypothermia;
- frequent stress;
- smoking and alcohol abuse;
- chest injuries;
- physical and psychological overload;
- harmful working conditions;
- adverse living conditions (here the dampness in the room and the formation of mold are a provoking factor).
Hypersensitivity (including to cephalosporins and other beta-lactam antibiotics), infectious mononucleosis (including with the appearance of a measles-like rash), phenylketonuria, episodes of jaundice or impaired liver function as a result of the use of amoxicillin / clavulanic acid in history; QA less than 30 ml / min (for tablets 875 mg / 125 mg).
Which group does Augmentin belong to by its mechanism of action and spectrum of activity
Augmentin belongs to the group of antibiotics with a wide spectrum of activity. The drug acts on gram-positive and negative microorganisms, bacilli, streptococci, staphylococci, clostridia, peptostreptococci, hemophilic bacilli, leptospira, borrelia, klebsiella, salmonella and bacteria producing beta-lactamases.
The main mechanism of action of the Augmentin group is associated with impaired formation of cell wall elements. As a result, the cell loses its ability to grow, develop, reproduce, eventually dies.
Release form and packaging
Coated Tablets, 500 mg / 125 mg and 875 mg / 125 mg https://augmentin875mg.net
7 tablets are placed in a blister strip packaging from a film of polyvinyl chloride and aluminum foil.
1 contour package is placed in an aluminum foil bag.
2 packages together with instructions for medical use in the state and Russian languages are placed in a pack of cardboard.